A Cow Show

By Braden Anderson

This past month Utah held their annual Western Spring National Show, known as Richmond Black and White Days to most of the locals.  At this year’s show, dairy farmers came from all over the western United States. and as always, it turned out to be quite a tough competition. Not only is it the longest running show held west of the Mississippi, but next year will mark the show’s 100th Anniversary.

Our Cows at the 99th Richmond Black & White Days

Our Cows at the 99th Richmond Black & White Days

What Goes On at a Cow Show:
It takes many hours of preparation to be all ready for a cow show.  Everything from walking the cows several months before the show to washing and grooming them to giving them a special diet that fits each cow individually. Once arriving at the show we make sure all of our cows are comfortable by giving them nice bedding consisting of straw and wood shavings. In addition to getting plenty of water and exercise, these show cows get constant attention from their owners. Like a little baby, we clean their bums after they poop, and we make food (hay and grain) available at all times so they get the nutrients and energy they need.  We also wash and brush the cows everyday to make sure they stay clean and look the best that they can.  As you can tell at these shows, the cows are definitely spoiled.

Awards Ceremony

Awards Ceremony (I’m #131)

I had two cows at this year’s show – a calf who took 7th place in the open show, 1st place in the junior show and received honorable mention junior champion. I also had a cow place second in the open show, 1st in the junior show and take reserve grand champion. It was a good show for us!

Showing Our Calf

Showing Our Calf

I enjoy cow shows and the people that I get to work with. They are some of the most funny, hardworking people I know. Not only are cow shows a great way to socialize and meet with other dairymen, but the experience helps my dad and me buy and sell cows in the most convenient and professional way possible. I am looking forward to next year’s 100th Richmond Black & White Days.

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Cow Health – Caring for Their Hooves

By Katharine Nye

The list of things cows need is long: feed, water, medicine (if they’re sick), ear tags, fluffy bedding, pedicures….wait, what?  You’re probably thinking that I typed that wrong.  Cows don’t get pedicures. Right? Actually, my typing skills are intact.  We refer to cows’ feet as hooves, and the professionals who take care of them are called hooftrimmers.  Or, if you prefer, bovine podiatrists.  But hooftrimmers is more common.

Now, you may be wondering why in the world cows’ hooves need to be cared for.  Cows can be tricky creatures.  A diet that is too rich, Stepping on a rock the wrong way, or experiencing difficulty during birth can all lead to hoof problems.  Most often, when a cow is transitioning – preparing to calve, or recovering after calving – is when hoof troubles arise.  Switching feed, if done incorrectly, can bother a cow’s rumen, and cause all kinds of problems, including laminitis.  Laminitis is the most common term used for cows with lameness.

So How is it Done?

Usually a hooftrimmer has a trailer, called a rig, and his own tools to care for hooves. Rig types vary, but essentially what happens is a cow walks down an alley that leads to the rig.  She steps into it, her head is stabilized, rubber grips come up under her belly and chest, and she is gently tilted on her side.  Cows are large animals and gaining access to their hooves is not always easy.  Stationary, elevated, and on her side ensures a safe environment for both cow and trimmer, and gives the trimmer easy access to see what he is dealing with.  With his main tools, nippers, a grinder and a hoof knife (think extreme pedicure kit), he can gently trim down and file a cow’s hooves to ensure she walks properly and deal with any infections or warts that he may spot.  The cow is then lowered, the doors of the rig open, and she is off on her way.

Cow Hooftrimming

Hooftrimmer at Work

Cow Hoof

Evaluating the Hoof

The way that dairies care for their cows’ hooves varies.  Most often, a hooftrimmer visits a client about one to two times per year to trim hooves, diagnose hoof problems, and consult with the dairy owners.  Sometimes dairies have an in-house hooftrimmer or two, which is especially useful because a lot of problems can start with the hooves – if a cow can’t walk, she can’t eat, and if she can’t eat, everything goes downhill quickly.  Having four stomachs is tough! Having someone there every day, walking corrals and keeping an eye on hoof health, is an incredible benefit to both cows and people.

How does Mountain View Dairy do it? 

Each spring and fall, twelve individuals from eight states and two countries arrive on Mountain View Dairy with an incredible amount of gear in tow.  For one week straight, our twelve hooftrimmers work long, hard hours to make sure that each of our 3,500 animals on site receives a full trim and attention to any other issues they may have.  The week is full of camaraderie, and our eclectic group shares stories and discusses new techniques. While exhausting for everyone, this has turned out to be the best way to care for our herd’s hooves.  It’s a long week, but the quality of our trimmers and the incredible care they take of cows is more than worth it.  It’s unconventional, but sometimes those are the best ways to get things done!

Mountain View Dairy - Hoof Trimming

The Hooftrimming Crew at Mountain View Dairy

For a detailed account of how it’s done at Mountain View Dairy, read the article the Progressive Dairyman.

Hoof health is an important aspect of proper dairy cattle care, and ensuring that each cow receives a high-quality pedicure (albeit without the polish!) helps to safeguard a cow’s overall health and happiness.

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The Front-Seat Calf

By Lacey Papageorge 

About two weeks ago, we had a heifer on our dairy who was acting under the weather.  It is easy to tell when a cow or heifer is not feeling well because they often droop their ears and head.  To get this little one to feel better we tried feeding her more regularly to keep her hydrated and gave her a few different types of medicine, but she wasn’t responding. A couple mornings later, she had a hard time getting up, and my dad could tell she was dehydrated and needed an IV. Just a few week’s old, this young heifer’s veins would be difficult to find, so we needed a professional’s help.

Our usual vet was already out on a call that morning, so we called our cousin who has a small animal veterinary clinic not to far from where we live, and he encouraged us to bring her in. Not wanting to waste any time, we loaded our baby girl into the front seat of the truck so we could get her to the vet’s office as quickly as possible.  She was so tired that she laid on the floor of the truck the whole way there.  At the vet clinic we got lots of attention.  It is not very often that you see a calf in the small animal clinic, and everyone pulled out their phones to snap pictures.  As soon as the vet took her in, he was able to put an IV in and get her hydrated.  We left her there for a few hours, and when we came back she was standing and had improved tremendously.  The vet said that she had responded well to the IV, she drank some milk, and that we were free to take her home.

Taking our young heifer to the vet

Taking our young heifer to the vet

My dad and the vet put her back into the front seat of the truck for the ride home, but now that she had some pep, she refused to lay down on the floor of the truck. Instead she stood in the cab with her bum against the passenger door and her nose almost touching the steering wheel. Excited to be headed home, she proceeded to lick my dad and the steering wheel! I keep my arms around her to keep her from falling. While driving back to our farm through town we got a lot of strange looks. Some people pointed and others honked and waved.  It was fun to see all of the people we made smile with our silly little calf.

Our calf in the front seat!

Our calf in the front seat!

Once back at the farm, we set up a new pen full of sawdust so she would be warm and clean.  After her long day and ride around town, she was tired and crawled right into her house for a good nap.  (We did have to squirt the floor of the truck out with the hose because she had to go potty while she was on her ride, but it was an easy clean up.)   I was excited when later that day I fed her a pint of milk and she drank it all.  Still living in her own little house, she is doing well and has continued to improve each day.  It is now two weeks later and she is back to being a happy, healthy baby girl and we couldn’t be happier.

Dairy farmers would do anything to keep their cows and heifers healthy. We work consistently with vets and nutritionists who visit our farm to make sure our whole herd is doing well.  Just like with people, we do everything we can to prevent our animals from getting sick, but sometimes we still have one get sick.  When that happens, its all hands in to get her feeling better.  We love our babies, and we do everything in our power to keep them happy and healthy.

Happy and Healthy

Happy and Healthy

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Organic vs Conventional Milk – What’s the Difference?

 A version of this post was originally published on our sister blog site – dairyutnv.blogspot.com

A scientific paper published late last year comparing the fatty acid profile of organic and conventional whole milk raised some questions. Here are some thoughts about the paper and what it means for you…

The difference between organic and conventional dairy foods is rooted in on-farm practices. To become a certified organic dairy farm, farmers must meet the additional requirements of USDA’s National Organic Program (NOP), which, in addition to other standards, stipulates that organic farmers must use only organic fertilizers and pesticides; they are also not allowed to give their cows antibiotics or supplemental hormones, nor are they able to graze or feed their animals with GMO crops.

Wangsgard Willow Farm

The Wangsgard Willow Dairy in Northern Utah

All milk and dairy foods, whether they are produced conventionally or organically, deliver a powerhouse of nutrients including calcium, vitamin D, potassium, and protein, and adding milk to your diet is a excellent way to boost overall nutrition and maintain health. As dairy customers, you always have a choice and can purchase whatever type of milk best fits with your lifestyle, but all milk offers excellent nutrition.

A recent study, published in late 2013 by researchers at Washington State University, took a look at the fatty acid profile of organic vs. conventional whole milk over 18 months. They found a small, yet statistically significant, difference in the amount of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids between the two types of milk with organic milk having a higher percentage of omega-3 fats.

What are Omega-3 & Omega-6 fatty acids?

Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids are considered essential fats, meaning that we must get them from food sources (our bodies cannot make them), and each of these fats play an important role in our body’s metabolism. Omega-3 fats are considered anti-inflammatory, and health professionals encourage us to get more of these healthy fats from foods like fish, nuts and seeds. Omega-6 fatty acids are considered pro-inflammatory and found primarily in vegetable oils. We still need them and they are essential for a healthy body, but it’s the ratio that’s important. The typical American diet has too many omega-6 fats and too few omega-3’s, so health professionals encourage more more omega-3 containing foods and less omega-6 rich foods in order to improve this ratio.

Where does dairy fit into the equation?

Dairy foods don’t play a big role in this ratio. Milk is neither a primary source of omega-3 nor omega-6 fatty acids, and it is unlikely that a shift in milk choice from conventional to organic would impact the overall dietary ratio of these fatty acids.  Instead, if your goal is to increase omega-3 fatty acids, the dietary focus should be on oily fish like salmon and sardines and to a lesser extent nuts and seeds.


Also note that this study looked only at whole milk products since low-fat and fat-free milk have had the fat removed. While there is new and exciting research emerging about the health benefits of full-fat dairy foods, including whole milk in the diet will raise overall calories, which would necessitate a shift in other dietary choices to maintain caloric balance. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans and most health professionals continue to recommend low-fat and fat-free dairy foods as a way to help reduce overall caloric intake and curb the obesity epidemic.

In this study’s analysis, the focus was on comparing the amount and types of fat between organically and conventionally produced whole milk. The authors did not examine or compare the amounts of other vitamins and minerals, which is primary the reason many people choose dairy products.

So the bottom line is that both organic and conventional dairy foods are an excellent source of high quality nutrient-rich calories. To boost omega-3 fatty acids, look to other sources like fatty fish, nuts and seeds. When it comes to organic or conventional, choose the type of dairy that is right for your lifestyle.

More information about the fatty acid profile comparison from PhD, Greg Miller can be found on The Dairy Report.

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The Modern Dairy Farmer

In many cases, dairy farming today looks different than it used to: barns are more efficient, cows’ diets are now formulated by a dairy nutritionist to match the exact needs of the herd, cows are monitored more closely than ever before for health, movement, and milk production, safety has improved, genetics play a big role in herd health… Yet, the people behind farming are the same.

I heard it summed up well by a farmer recently:

While the proverbial red barn might not be today’s norm,  those red barn values are still the core of what drives dairy farmers.

What are red barn values? hard work, commitment, family, animal care, and environmental stewardship (just to name a few). But who are today’s dairy farmers? Here’s a quick snapshot.

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Dairy Sustainability Made Me Rethink Being Vegan

By Kayla Thomas – Utah State University Dietetics Student

My decision to become vegan was not taken lightly. It was after much soul searching and research that over two years ago I chose to vote with my fork for sustainable agriculture, health, and animal care. I am currently a dietetics student, finishing up school and preparing to take the dietetics exam. While I don’t preach veganism to my patients/clients, for the last two years, I have personally followed this lifestyle and made those choices.

But late last year, one of my internship rotations was with the Dairy Council of Utah/Nevada. While all of my rotations were wonderful, the Dairy Council was by far the most fun and creative. It was also the most influential to me personally. During my two-week stint, I had the opportunity to visit two dairy farms. Watching the process of milk production on a dairy farm was an eye-opening opportunity. I have seen many horror films depicting animal cruelty in ‘factory farms’ across the nation, and before my initial farm visit, I thought that the tour was set up well in advance in order to prepare the farmers to be on their best behavior and to sanitize the environment from their normal practices. When I left the farm that day, I was confused. This large dairy was a family run business, it didn’t seem like a “factory” at all. I was stunned by how easy-going the workers were and even more amazed as I watched the cows calmly go through their daily routine. This occasion of showing their livelihood to the public did not seem staged in the slightest. The second farm tour confirmed my suspicions. Dairy farming is a family affair.

Bateman Brothers

I visited Bateman’s Mosida Farms, a 7,000 cow dairy in Utah owned and operated by 4 brothers and their father

Sustainable agriculture practices are deeply important to me and one of the primary reasons I chose a vegan lifestyle. In a lot of ways I wish we could go back to the days of small farms where the farm to fork principal works in everyone’s backyard, but in today’s world of 7 billion people (that is quickly growing!) we have a food security issue and need modern agriculture in order to produce enough food. Therefore, we must move forward with larger farms, and help fine-tune their processes to create a greener environment. I was under the impression that animal protein production was not very sustainable, but I had the opportunity to learn first-hand how the dairy industry is a leader in this area. Here are some of the things I learned:

  • Milk is a local food. From the time the cows’ milk is stored in a cooling tank, it is typically just 48-72 hours before it is on a shelf at your LOCAL grocery store.
  • Any type of energy waste is money lost on the farm and to the producers of dairy, every dollar counts to these families. Farming is a tough industry, one that is barely breaking even every year. Efficiency is essential and good business for dairy farmers. I witnessed farms using the natural heat from the milk to heat the milk parlor in order to create a warmer, comfortable environment for the cows during the cold winter months, and I heard about how water is recycled and used multiple times on the dairy for cleaning, cooling, irrigation…
  • When people would ask me why I was vegan, I would sometimes say I would rather feed humans than animals. By not consuming animal products, I felt I was taking a stand on world hunger. I worried about a large portion of our grain crop going to feed animals instead of humans. But on my tour I had the chance to learn more about what cows actually eat. Much of what goes into a cow’s 100lb per day food ration are actually byproducts that humans cannot ingest. Cows, due to their powerful stomachs, are able to produce nutrient dense milk by eating crops that would otherwise be useless to humans. This realization was my tipping point…thoughts of milk, yogurt, cheese, ice cream started flooding my mind.

Honor the Harvest

Animal care was another important motive for my choice to be vegan. While attending different dairy farms in Utah I was impressed at the still, quietness of the cows and calves. Could they possibly be content or even happy with their lives? If not, I was fooled.

After my rotation with the Dairy Council, my mind was consumed with thoughts making a big lifestyle change for me and becoming vegetarian.  At first, the thought of this transition frightened me. I do not view myself as an easily persuaded person nor one who makes rash decisions. Being vegan was a big part of my life. It ade me feel connected to nature, animals, and the Earth in a more personal way, but after viewing the amount of hard work and dedication that goes into dairy farming with clean, healthy practices and love for the animals, I had a new perspective that fundamentally challenged some of my core beliefs. No one likes to be told they were wrong, but by being open-minded I was able to learn and even change my dietary habits.

So about 3 weeks after my time with the Dairy Council and many hours of health related research on dairy, I bought my first yogurt in almost two years!

Happy Earth Day!

Sustainable Dairy Portrait


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How Do Farmers Treat Their Animals?

A couple weeks ago, I decided to go home for the weekend.  After a long four-hour drive, I waltzed into my farm’s office, happy to see my parents and siblings.  As I was giving my mom a bear hug, I looked down on the desk and saw a pink eartag.  Number 777. Otherwise known as DD, this was the tag to one of my favorite cows – a good milk producer, a beautiful cow, and mother to several of my herd.  I broke down crying.  You see, an eartag on the office desk means that that cow has died.  It’s more often that I see a yellow tag – the color of my parents’ herd; However, as my herd has aged, this is becoming more common for me too.

DD's Eartag

DD’s Eartag

Tears streaming down my 22-year-old face, I asked my mom what had happened to DD.  Looking just as sad I felt, my mom said that she thought it was probably bloody gut.  This is the kind of ailment that sneaks up on a cow and takes her down really quickly, no matter how closely you watch your herd.  Not knowing that DD was even sick, she hadn’t been put into our hospital pen for treatment.  She didn’t show any symptoms, and then it was too late.

I share this story because recently, I’ve heard several accounts claiming that farmers don’t care about their animals.  This not only saddens me, but quite frankly I also find myself offended when someone claims to know how my family treats and cares about the animals on our farm.

Because this is how much our animals mean to us:

I well up with tears and feel a deep sense of loss every time one of my cows dies.  My dad can’t stand to put cows down, so he has to call someone else every time we have a cow who can’t be cured of what ails her.  This isn’t because he can’t physically do it, but because the cows under his care mean so much to him that ending one’s life, even if it is the humane thing to do, is more than he can bear.  My mother has spent countless hours on her stomach, in the cold and muck, helping a cow who is having difficulty giving birth to ensure that both mother and baby come through safely.  One time my brothers lost it when they saw a couple truck drivers mistreating our cows as they got onto a truck to be beefed.  Yes, the cows milking years were over and they were leaving our care, but it didn’t matter…our cows, from their first breath to their last, are treated with dignity and kindness.  Anyone who acts otherwise is immediately fired, or, if not in my family’s employ, but on our farm (such as those truck drivers) are told politely not ever to come back.

These cows are our livelihood, and if not cared for properly, my family’s business will suffer.  But for us, and for many of our agricultural friends, we care for animals not because we have to but because we love them – it’s our chosen lifestyle.  From our first steps in the barn, we’ve known…animal husbandry is in our blood.  We want to ensure that the animals in our care have the best, because in turn these animals take care of our customers…you.  We want the best for you too.  So please, next time that you hear someone say we farmers don’t care, send them my way.   It’s possible they’ll encounter me giving my cow one last hug before it’s time to put her down because she has served my family well, but now it’s time for her to go.  As they watch my tears, perhaps they’ll reconsider.

My cows - Skye and DD

My cows – Skye and DD

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